Articles Tagged with Traffic Arrests

As is the case with most legal inquiries, the answer to the above question is “it depends.”

Whether or not you should appeal your DC DUI conviction depends on what you are looking to get out of the situation. If you are only trying to avoid the trial court’s sentence, maybe an appeal isn’t for you. On the other hand, if you would like to have your conviction overturned and your conviction removed from your record, maybe an appeal is for you. Obviously, all three results are preferable. However, avoiding your sentence is impossible due to time it takes for the parties to brief the appellate issues and the time it takes the DC Court of Appeals to issue a decision.

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1423322313o0gx3If you operate a vehicle in the District, DC law states that you have given consent to submit to a breathalyzer test if you get stopped by the Metropolitan Police Department (“MPD”) for suspected DUI or DWI. However, MPD is not going to force you to take a breathalyzer test. You can refuse to submit to testing. At Scrofano Law PC, while the facts of every case are different, we believe that if you have had even a drop of alcohol, refusing to take a breathalyzer test will usually better protect you and your rights.

To convict someone of DUI, the government must prove that the person (1) operated a motor vehicle in DC, and (2) was intoxicated. Without breathalyzer results, it is more difficult for the government to prove that you were intoxicated. DC criminal laws allow the government to use your refusal to take the breath test as evidence that you were intoxicated. What this means is that the government will provide a judge with proof that you refused to take the test and argue that you must have refused because you were feeling guilty about drinking and driving.

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Breathalyzer

Breathalyzer

In August of 2012, the District of Columbia City Council, with little public comment, amended DC’s DUI/DWI law. Among the many changes included doubling mandatory minimum jail sentences for repeat offenders and cases with high chemical scores. Another change included doubling the maximum penalty for first offenders from 90 days to 180 days. The law also added additional situations in which mandatory minimum jail applied and lowered the blood alcohol score from .08 to.04 for individuals who possess a commercial driver’s license. Buried in the law included provisions that made DC’s hit and run law much broader. Many of the changes brought DC’s DUI law closer to the trend among most states who have created harsher penalties.

However, many of the changes were either arbitrary or say more about local institutional politics than public policy. One major arbitrary and ridiculous change to the law is a provision that bars individuals facing mandatory minimum jail time from serving that time on the weekends. Under the old law, judges routinely when forced to sentence individuals to mandatory jail time allowed them to serve that time on the weekends.

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beer-delivery-system-1-1246534-mI usually advise my clients to enroll in a private alcohol program after getting arrested for a DC DUI or DWI. For most people who get arrested for DUI, the police will release them at the station after several hours with a Citation to Return to Court. The citation gives them a date is for the Court to arraign the person on the charge of DUI and any other additional charges based on the police officer’s allegations.  At the arraignment, the prosecutor from the Office of the Attorney General will ask for several release conditions. The standard release conditions include (1) do not drive without a valid permit; (2) do not drive after the consumption of drugs or alcohol; and (3) report to the Pretrial Services Agency for a full screening and assessment. In almost all DC DUI cases, traffic judges in Superior Court will agree with government’s request and impose those conditions.

Now, the first two are no brainers and easy to comply with. Do not drive without a valid permit is just what it means. If you have a valid license, drive all you want. If you don’t, then don’t drive. If you get caught driving with a suspended license while under that release condition, you can not only get arrested for operating after suspension but also be charged with contempt of court. This condition is particularly important where the person’s license gets suspended as a result of the DC DUI arrest. The second condition is also an easy one. If the person has even one sip of alcohol or ingests any type of drugs, do not drive.

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rShzOqzhThe last post discussed some of the background involved in the District of Columbia’s problems it had with its Breathalyzer program. The Metropolitan Police Department not only miscalibrated the machines to read 40 percent higher than they were supposed to but also failed to conduct accuracy testing for a period of almost ten years. As I discussed in Part I, I started an appeal in 2013 for a person who had plead guilty to DUI and served mandatory jail time based on breath scores for a machine that had not been accuracy tested.

Through another attorney he had tried to move to withdraw his guilty plea. The government vigorously contested his motion. While the government had agreed to allow hundreds of people to withdraw guilty pleas that plead or were found guilty during the 17 month period the machines were miscalibrated, it did not want to open up Pandora’s Box for ten years of convictions in which MPD failed to conduct accuracy testing. Unfortunately, the trial judge agreed and denied the motion without a hearing. After I filed my brief, it took the government one year to respond. I did not ask the Court of Appeals to allow my client to withdraw his guilty plea. Rather, I argued that the trial court had abused its discretion by not having a hearing on the motion.

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DC DUI

DC DUI

In short, the answer is maybe. The District of Columbia record sealing statute makes Driving under the Influence and Driving while Intoxicated “ineligible misdemeanors.” Accordingly, on its face, the law prohibits sealing of a conviction for driving under the influence. However, a few months ago, I won an appeal that may have opened the door for getting at least some DUI convictions removed from a person’s record.

I will discuss this topic in a two part series. The first part will provide the backdrop of the District of Columbia Record Sealing Act and the problems the District of Columbia had with its Breathalyzer program for about ten years. Part Two will discuss how, because of the Breathalyzer issues and an appeal I won in May of this year, it may in fact be possible to get a DUI conviction taken off someone’s record in limited circumstances.

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This post is the second part in the two part series discussing consequences of a DC DUI conviction.  The first part discussed direct consequences, which involved things like probation and jail time.  This discussion is not meant to be a complete list of all collateral beer-vector-1438087-mconsequences for a DC DUI or DWI conviction–just some of the most common.

The first major collateral consequence is the loss of one’s driver’s license or driving privilege.  In the District of Columbia, just an arrest for a DUI can trigger a license suspension or the suspension of one’s driving privileges in the city.  When DC police arrest someone for DUI, they are supposed to issue what’s called a Notice of Proposed Suspension.  The form should be read carefully because it provides instructions on how to prevent an immediate license suspension for the arrest.  The notice instructs the arrestee to apply for a hearing in person at the DC Department of Motor Vehicles within ten days of arrest (or fifteen days for an out of state resident).  If the arrestee does not apply for this hearing, the license or driving privileges (for an out of state resident) will be suspended or revoked.  I recommend immediately contacting an experienced DC DUI lawyer if arrested for DUI.  Many people do not read the notices or are not sure what they are supposed to do to prevent license suspension.  Applying for the hearing will basically freeze the suspension from taking effect.  It will then be up to a hearing examiner at the DMV at some future hearing date to decide whether the suspend the license or driving privileges.

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green-alcohol-cocktail-1422791-mThis blog is the third and final part in a three part series discussing the  SFST’s that officers administer during DC DUI traffic investigations.  The first part dealt with the Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus (or “HGN”), which is the follow the pen test.  The second part discussed the Walk and Turn Test, which is the walk the line test.  This part discusses the One Leg Stand Test.

During the One Leg Stand Test, the police officer will instruct the person suspected of driving under the influence to hold one leg six inches above the ground and count aloud.  The officer will instruct the person to count in the thousands (i.e. “one thousand one, one thousand two, etc.”).  The counting will go for thirty seconds but the officer will not inform the person how long to count in advance.  Like with the HGN and Walk and Turn, the officer looks for specific cues of impairment.  For the One Leg Stand Test, the four cues are:

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need-for-speed-1397111-mAs previously mentioned, the District of Columbia Office of the Attorney General (“OAG”) prosecutes alcohol related traffic offenses.  These offenses include Driving under the Influence (“DUI”), Driving while Intoxicated (“DWI”), and Operating while Impaired (“OWI”).  These crimes are essentially the most serious crimes the OAG has jurisdiction over.  If you are arrested for DUI, the government will likely charge you with DUI and OWI.  OWI is sort of like a lesser offense to DUI.  You cannot be convicted and sentenced for both DUI and OWI.

The OAG operates with near uniform policies related to DUI plea negotiations.  In fact, a good DC DWI lawyer can usually predict what plea offer the OAG will extend before the prosecutor actually extends the offer.  For a typical first offender DUI, the OAG will offer plea to the DUI, dismiss the OWI, and the government will recommend a suspended sentence, one year probation, and a series of alcohol related classes and fines.  An overwhelming number of DC DUI cases receive this exact plea offer.  For this type of offer, there is almost no incentive to accept the plea offer.

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